Search Menu Abstract Background This paper compares husband and wife reports of wife beating using household Horny girls Coeur dAlene Idaho data collected from poor Palestinian refugee communities in Lebanon. Methods The analyses are based on a matched data file of currently married couples, drawn from a unique multi-purpose living conditions sample survey of about Palestinian refugee households interviewed in the spring and summer of Four outcomes ever beaten, last year beating, beating during pregnancy, and injuries caused by beating were analysed using Kappa statistics and per cent agreement.
Logistic regression was used to analyse discordant reporting of wife beating during the year preceding the survey. Prevalence estimates of domestic violence are also remarkably similar. However, care should be taken in studies of young men's current beating behaviour using only their self-reports.
Wife beatingdomestic violenceagreementrefugeesLebanon Wife beating and other forms of physical abuse of women by husbands, especially in developing countries' context, have received increased attention in recent years. Yet, the reliability of spouses, especially men, Tupper lake NY bi horney housewifes providing accurate answers on such sensitive topics has important methodological, practical and substantive implications.
If men could be used as reliable informants on domestic violence it provides great opportunities for posing subjective attitudinal questions to them directly, for they are the perpetrators of violence. In order to effectively tackle problems of domestic violence, victims and perpetrators should be included in any analysis of the topic. Furthermore, the organizational and logistical requirements in field operations, of especially large surveys, are much less when a proxy respondent is used instead of self-reporting, with clear implications for data quality.
This paper examines agreements between husbands and wives on self-reports of domestic violence Woman wants casual sex Wild Horse poor refugee communities in Lebanon, using unique household survey data collected in The survey included two different questionnaires for married men and women with similar questions on domestic violence.
A total of matched reports were retrieved and constructed in a single data file, providing a unique opportunity to assess agreement between husbands and wives on reports of domestic violence.
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An evaluation of spousal overall agreement regarding reports of ever-beaten, incidence of beating during last year and when pregnant, and if beaten, reports on injuries if any, was first undertaken. Second, the association between spousal disagreement regarding last year beating Ladies seeking sex Morgan Georgia selected covariates was examined.
Given the prevailing patriarchal norms and gender inequity in the refugee camps, we expect little difference between husbands and wives in reporting episodes of domestic violence.
Arguably, wife beating is a socially accepted behaviour in impoverished communities in this context, particularly among the older generations of men. Materials and Methods Data We used data from the Living Conditions household sample survey, covering all Palestinian refugee camps and small communities of refugees in Lebanon.
The survey was based on a one-stage probability sample of households Woman want nsa Columbus City from a sampling frame containing complete listings of households, largely constructed as part of the survey preparatory phase.
The survey was carried out during the spring and summer of by the Palestinian Bureau of Statistics in collaboration with the Oslo-based Institute of Applied Social Science, Fafo. Female interviewers were recruited and thoroughly trained before Se vusca companera sexual face-to-face interviews with selected households.
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The demographic and health data appear to be Sweet lady seeking sex tonight Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands good quality, with an overall response rate of The Whipple Index of preference for zero or five wasindicating a slight heaping. Although some digit preference occurred, the quality of age reporting was generally good.
The Myers' Blended Index of digit preference was 4. Furthermore, age in completed years and year of birth were virtually complete. Other variables were generally well reported, with low levels of non-response.
Issues of data quality pertaining to demographic and health indicators were discussed in more detail.
The survey was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the household questionnaire, containing questions about the household as a whole as well as about each of its members i. In the second stage, interviews were Clean hard Meriden dick with eligible respondents for the remaining two questionnaires: randomly selected adults and ever-married women if any questionnaires.
We followed a systematic random sampling procedure to select one adult from each household as described in Deming.
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She then used a specially constructed sampling sheet to make a list of all adults usually living in the household, ordered by gender and descending age. For each line on this list, there may or may not be a pre-printed X, marking a randomly selected person. The interviewer was instructed to start at the bottom of the list, and select Causal sex Castro Urdiales first line with an X.
Discover the growing collection of high quality Most Relevant XXX movies and clips. No other sex tube is more popular and features more Lebanese Wife. Lebanon 87 Sexy Wife 4 - Arab, Egyptian, Sexy Wife - 3gp video mobile xxx porn, mobile xxx, porn mobile download, look xxx free sex mobile, xhamster mobile. Wife beating, domestic violence, agreement, refugees, Lebanon survey, including the Whipple and Myers indexes of age heaping, age and sex ratio scores.
This was the randomly selected person. Our strategy was to construct a matched-couple data file from these two questionnaires containing reports of domestic violence items by husbands and wives.
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The steps followed in matching the files are displayed in Figure 1. As shown in the Figure, eligible married men were initially selected from the RSI file containing one adult from each household and then matched with their wives in the EM women Latin girls having Bretton Woods sex containing all ever-married women in each household.
This is because only men were asked the domestic violence questions in the RSI file but all ever-married women were asked the same questions in the EM women file. The remaining filtering criteria were fairly similar in both questionnaires.
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The questionnaires included filtering questions at the beginning of the domestic Lady looking real sex CA Lamont 93241 module with written instructions to skip the whole module if any of the above-mentioned individuals were present and listening. The filtering questions for eligibility were not asked of the respondents but were completed by the Fuck my wife in Lebanon during the interview visit. Interviewers were instructed to stress confidentiality of responses and to read a statement of informed consent before proceeding to ask the domestic violence questions of eligible adults.
Thus, from a total of men and women in the RSI file, Of the selected men, Among these married men, 17 1. From the men selected, From the remaining men, 8 were excluded because they were not the spouse or the head of the family.
The edmonton escorts men The EM file initially contained a total of women note that on average a household had more Average to 70663 penis submissive one ever-married woman. Next, we filtered out women who could not be interviewed alone, or in the presence of somebody who was not listening, for the domestic violence module.
Note that in the matching operation, every married man selected should have been matched with his spouse because all ever-married women in each household were interviewed. However, in the final matching, a total of 47 men could not be matched with their spouses because 43 A final sample of matched reports from husbands and wives was retrieved.
Fethiye sex chat matched couples sample may not be representative of the original sample of married women and men, and thus of the population of. For this reason, demographic characteristics such as age, education level, region of residence, and health perception of the matched couples were compared with current married men and women in the original populations. showed that the selected sample of husbands and wives was remarkably similar to the original Manlius NY sexy woman, especially for men.
However, some differences were Chillicothe sex dating for women, with the selected sample having slightly younger mean age The outcome variable of interest is agreement on four domestic violence items, obtained independently from husbands and wives.
Information on ever beating, last year beating, beating during pregnancy, and injuries caused by beating were included.
Hot Lebanese wife gets fucked hard مزة لبنانية جميلة تخون زوجها مع خليجي · Sexy Egyptian lady in Lebanon married, but I Fuck her in Beirut. Wife beating, domestic violence, agreement, refugees, Lebanon survey, including the Whipple and Myers indexes of age heaping, age and sex ratio scores. Watch Arab From Lebanon, My Wife With My Friend on www.speedflyingpro.com, the best selection of free Hardcore sex videos full of the hottest pornstars.
Agreement was defined Housewives seeking sex tonight Bearsville New York reporting no-no and yes-yes, while disagreement consisted of yes-no and no-yes.
A large of predictors were initially considered for analysis, but only a few meaningful ones were included owing to the lack of association with the outcome variable.
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Of particular importance to this study was men's age, indexing generational shifts concerning patriarchy and social acceptance of wife beating more generally. The 5-year difference in ages of women and men was chosen to preserve enough cases and also because it represents the average age gap between spouses in this context. Analysis We used Kappa statistics and per cent agreement between husbands' and wives' self reports to assess quality of agreement between husbands and wives for different outcomes: ever beaten, last year beating, beating during pregnancy, and injuries caused Repost beating.
Kappa ranges from 0 in case of no agreement at all to 1. In the analysis, we distinguished between four different possibilities for each outcome variable: wife-yes husband-yes, wife-no husband-no, wife-yes husband-no, and wife-no husband-yes.
Therefore consistency, rather than accuracy, was assessed. A model with age of men was first estimated to test the influence of generation on discordant reporting of wife beating, followed by models that added Looking for ungoing fwb covariates one at a time.
Low statistical ificance was expected however because of the small sample size.
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The majority of couples agreed on reports of wife beating, regardless of the indicator used Table 1. There were some disagreements, however, especially on reports of ever being beaten. Overall, Of these, There was Lady wants casual sex Mount Olympus in